Whakapapa o te Pare

by Timoti Moran

Our kaiwhakairo, Timoti Moran and son Connor Moran

Our kaiwhakairo, Timoti Moran and son Connor Moran

Tena koutou
No Uawa Te tairawhiti ahau
Ko Uawa nui te Roa te awa
Ko Titirangi te maunga
Ko Te Aitanga a Hauiti te iwi
Me nga Ngati Mahuta, Ngati Kahungungu me rongomai wahine Ngai Tahu, Ngati Koata.
Nga Puhi, Ngati Porou, Ngati Rangi.
Ko Ngati Hinekura te hapu
Ko Hauiti te Marae
Ko Ruakapanga te whare nui
Ko Frank David Moran toku Papa
Ko Hoana Rata Kahurangi Maioha Moran nee Temepara toku Mama
Ko Timoti Edward Knight ahau
Tena koutou, tena koutou, tena katou katoa

Te Pare

This pare is carved in Totara that was gathered by my son and I from the Wairoa Gorge in 2003. These Totara were cut down after WWII when the NZ government created the forestry service to provide work for returning soldiers. Vast swathes of native forested areas were felled and pine trees were planted in their place. The native rakau was simply left to rot between the pine tree plantations. The Totara of this pare was around 800 years old when it was felled.

Te kanohi are made from hydro-grossular garnet (Kapakara). Garnet was used by our tupuna as a hammer stone for flaking argillite and was also ground into a dust to be used as a cutting medium for slicing pounamu. Garnet was one of the two stones that Tane Mahuta brought down from the tenth heaven, with the baskets of knowledge from Io.


Te Patu is made from Pakohe. Pakohe was used by iwi to make a variety of tools for everyday use. Pakohe is taonga o te Ngati Kuia who have been called Iwi Pakohe. Pakohe is only found in the Nelson region and a small field in southern Southland. Pakohe is a cousin to pounamu. When pounamu is present tremolite is leached from pounamu into the surrounding water ways, it then settles into low lying mud areas. After millions of years this mud is compressed and metosomitised into Pakohe(if pounamu is not present it is only compressed mud). This blue pakohe was gathered from the Serpentine tributary of Rakautara valley.

Te toki and the Iris are made from Tangiwai pounamu. Tangiwai are the tears cried by Ranginui when he was separated from Papatūānuku. These tears fall in only two places in the Te Wai Pounamu, high up in the Milford sounds and high up in the Kahurangi national park. Kahurangi and Milford sounds, with their high rainfall and low cloud, are the only two areas of Aotearoa that Ranginui and Papatūānuku can still be close. As Ranginui’s tears continue to flow for the loss of contact with Papatūānuku they become solidified wairua in the form of Tangiwai.

The Design

This pare was designed as a welcoming, loving kaitiaki of our tamariki. His korowai is representative of the 8 iwi in Te Tau Ihu and we have incorporated a snippet of each iwi’s stairway to heaven tokotoko pattern in the korowai. The ninth iwi is included beneath the korowai. The ninth iwi is the combined descendants of all 8 iwi in Te Tau Ihu, and the past, present and future descendants of iwi who have moved into Te Tau Ihu. We used the koru to symbolise the new generations unfurling and growing into the next generation.

The journey of climbing the stairways to heaven is carried through as the maunga in the tokotoko pattern in the glassed area. This tokotoko pattern also includes the tohu and the whakapapa of Te Piki Oranga.

Te Piki Oranga - Window Manifestation.jpg

The tokotoko pattern on the glass panels symbolises Te Tau Ihu and the 9 iwi that reside here. The beautiful mountains that surround Te Tau Ihu are symbolised by the 9 large maunga in the centre of the pattern. Each maunga is made up of 4 parts - The top 2 triangles represent all generations, past, present and future that have descended from each iwi. The bottom two triangles are the husband and wife, representing the male and female lines of each iwi. Both male and female sides are equal and balanced and support the top two triangles. All 9 iwi are represented as the 9 maunga, all equal, all balanced.

In between each maunga you have an inverted triangle, a clear space between the lines, representing the bays and the sounds.

The green represents the forests and parks, the blue all rivers, seas and lakes, the white the valleys, the sounds and the bays.